American Dictionary of the English Language

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SUM'MER, noun One who casts up an account.

SUM'MER, noun With us, the season of the year comprehended in the months June, July and August; during which time, the sun being north of the equator, shines more directly upon this part of the earth, which, together with the increased length of the days, renders this the hottest period of the year. In latitudes south of the equator, just the opposite takes place, or it is summer there when it is winter here.

The entire year is also sometimes divided into summer and winter, the former signifying the warmer and the latter the colder part of the year.

SUM'MER, verb intransitive To pass the summer or warm season.

The fowls shall summer upon them. Isaiah 18:6.

SUM'MER, verb transitive To keep warm. [Little Used.]

SUM'MER, noun

1. A large stone, the first that is laid over columns and pilasters, beginning to make a cross vault; or a stone laid over a column, and hollowed to receive the first haunce of a platband.

2. A large timber supported on two stone piers or posts, serving as a lintel to a door or window, etc.

3. A large timber or beam laid as a central floor timber, inserted into the girders, and receiving the ends of the joists and supporting them. This timber is seen in old buildings in America and in France. In America, it is wholly laid aside. It is called in England summer-tree.