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American Dictionary of the English Language

Webster's Dictionary 1828

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Bay


BAY, adjective [Latin badius. Blass Bd.] Red, or reddish, inclining to a chestnut color; applied to the color of horses. The shades of this color are called light bay dark bay dappled bay gilded bay chestnut bay In popular language, in England, all bay horses are called brown.

BAY, noun

1. An arm of the sea, extending into the land, not of any definite form, but smaller than a gulf, and larger than a creek. The name, however, is not used with much precision, and is often applied to large tracts of water, around which the land forms a curve, as Hudson's bay Nor is the name restricted to tracts of water with a narrow entrance, but used for any recess or inlet between capes of head lands, as the bay of Biscay.

2. A pond-head, or a pond formed by a dam, for the purpose of driving mill-wheels. [ I believe not used in U.S.]

3. In a barn, a place between the floor and the end of the building, or a low inclosed place, for depositing hay.

In England, says Johnson, if a barn consists of a floor and two heads, where they lay corn, they call it a barn of two bays. These bays are from 14 to 20 feet long, and floors from 10 to 12 feet broad, and usually 20 feet long, which is the breadth of the barn.

4. In ships of war, that part on each side between decks which lies between the bitts.

5. Any kind of opening in walls.

BAY, noun [Gr. a branch of the palm tree.]

1. The laurel tree, Hence,

2. Bays, in the plural, an honorary garland or crown, bestowed as a prize for victory or excellence, anciently made or consisting of branches of the laurel.

The patriot's honors, and the poet's bays.

3. In some parts of the U.States, a tract of land covered with bay trees.

BAY, noun A state of expectation, watching or looking for; as, to keep a man at bay So a stag at bay is when he turns his head against the dogs. Whence abeyance, in law, or a state of expectancy.

BAY, verb intransitive

1. To bark, as a dog at his game.

2. To encompass, or inclose, from bay We now use embay.

BAY, verb transitive To bark at; to follow with barking.