American Dictionary of the English Language

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COMMENCE, verb intransitive

1. To begin; to take rise or origin; to have first existence; as, a state of glory to commence after this life; this empire commenced at a late period.

2. To begin to be, as in a change of character.

Let not learning too commence its foe.

3. To take a degree or the first degree in a university or college.

COMMENCE, verb transitive

1. To begin; to enter upon; to perform the first act; as, to commence operations.

2. To begin; to originate; to bring; as, to commence a suit, action or process in law.