American Dictionary of the English Language

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LOOS'EN, verb transitive loos'n. [from loose.]

1. To free from tightness, tension, firmness or fixedness; as, to loosen a string when tied, or a knot; to loosen a joint; to loosen a rock in the earth.

2. To render less dense or compact; as, to loosen the earth about the roots of a tree.

3. To free from restraint.

It loosens his hands and assists his understanding.

4. To remove costiveness from; to facilitate or increase alvine discharges.

Fear looseneth the belly.

LOOS'EN, verb intransitive To become loose; to become less tight, firm or compact.