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Webster's Dictionary 1828 - Online Edition

Webster's Dictionary 1828

Americal Dictionary of the English Language

American Dictionary
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Out

OUT, adverb

1. Without; on the outside; not within; on the exterior or beyond the limits of any inclosed place or given line; opposed to in or within; as, to go out and come in; to rush out

2. Abroad; not at home. The master of the house is out; a colloquial phrase for gone out

3. In a state of disclosure or discovery. The secret is out that is, has come out is disclosed. We shall find out the rogue.

4. Not concealed.

When these are gone, the woman will be out

5. In a state of extinction. The candle or the fire is out

6. In a state of being exhausted. The wine is out

7. In a state of destitution. We are out of bread corn.

8. Not in office or employment. I care not who is in or who is out He is out of business.

9. Abroad or from home, in a party, at church, in a parade, etc. He was not out today. The militia companies are out The man was out in a frolic last night.

10. To the end.

Hear me out

11. Loudly; without restraint; as, to laugh out

12. Not in the hands of the owner. The land is out upon a lease.

13. In an error.

As a musician that will always play, and yet is always out at the same note.

14. At a loss; in a puzzle.

I have forgot my part, and I am out

15. Uncovered; with clothes torn; as, to be out at the knees or elbows.

16. Away, so as to consume; as, to sleep out the best time in the morning.

17. Deficient; having expended. He was out of pocket. He was out fifty pounds.

18. It is used as an exclamation with the force of command, away; begone; as, out with the dog.

OUT upon you, out upon it, expressions of dislike or contempt.

OUT is much used as a modifier of verbs; as, to come out to go out to lead out to run out to leak out to creep out to flow out to pass out to look out to burn out to cut out to saw out to grow out to spin out to write out to boil out to beat out etc. bearing the sense of issuing, extending, drawing from, separating, bringing to open view, or in short, the passing of a limit that incloses or restrains; or bearing the metaphorical sense of vanishing, coming to an end.

OUT of. In this connection, out may be considered as adverb, and of as a preposition.

1. Proceeding from; as produce. Plants grow out of the earth. He paid me out of his own funds.

Keep thy heart with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life. Proverbs 4:23.

OUT of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. James 3:10.

2. From or proceeding from a place, or the interior of a place; as, to take any thing out of the house. Mark 13:1.

3. Beyond; as out of the power of fortune.

They were astonished out of measure. Mark 10:26.

4. From, noting taking or derivation.

To whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses, and out of the prophets. Acts 28:3.

5. Not in, noting extraordinary exertion.

Be instant in season, out of season. 2 Timothy 4:2.

6. Not in, noting exclusion, dismission, departure, absence or dereliction; as out of favor; out of use; out of place; out of fashion.

7. Not in, noting unfitness or impropriety. He is witty out of season. The seed was sown out of season.

8. Not within, noting extraordinary delay; as, a ship is out of time.

9. Not within; abroad; as out of the door or house.

10. From, noting copy from an original; as, to cite or copy out of Horace.

11. From, noting rescue or liberation; as, to be delivered out of afflictions.

Christianity recovered the law of nature out of all those errors.

12. Not in, noting deviation, exorbitance or irregularity. This is out of all method; out of all rule. He goes out of his way to find cause of censure. He is out of order.

13. From, noting dereliction or departure. He will not be flattered or frightened out of his duty. He attempted to laugh men out of virtue.

14. From, noting loss or change of state. The mouth is out of taste; the instrument is out of tune.

15. Not according to, noting deviation; as, he acts or speaks out of character.

16. Beyond; not within the limits of; as, to be out of hearing, out of sight, out of reach. Time out of mind, is time beyond the reach of memory.

17. Noting loss or exhaustion, as, to be out of breath.

18. Noting loss; as out of hope.

19. By means of.

OUT of that will I cause those of Cyprus to mutiny.

20. In consequence of, noting the motive, source or reason.

What they do not grant out of the generosity of their nature, they may grant out of mere impatience.

So we say, a thing is done out of envy, spite or ambition.

OUT of hand, immediately, as that is easily used which is ready in the hand.

Gather we our forces out of hand.

OUT of print, denotes that a book is not in market, or to be purchased; the copies printed having been all sold.

OUT, verb intransitive To eject; to expel; to deprive by expulsion.

The French having been outed of their holds.

In composition, out signifies beyond, more, ejection or extension.

For the participles of the following compounds, see the simple verbs.