American Dictionary of the English Language

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RIVE, verb transitive preterit tense rived; participle passive rived or riven. [Latin rumpo, rupi. It may be allied to the family of Latin rapio, reap, rip.]

To split; to cleave; to rend asunder by force; as, to rive timber for rails or shingles with wedges; the riven oak; the riven clouds.

The scolding winds have riv'd the knotty oaks.

RIVE, verb intransitive To be split or rent asunder.

Freestone rives, splits and breaks in any direction.