RIVE, verb transitive preterit tense rived; participle passive rived or riven. [Latin rumpo, rupi. It may be allied to the family of Latin rapio, reap, rip.]
To split; to cleave; to rend asunder by force; as, to rive timber for rails or shingles with wedges; the riven oak; the riven clouds.
The scolding winds have riv'd the knotty oaks.
RIVE, verb intransitive To be split or rent asunder.
Freestone rives, splits and breaks in any direction.