American Dictionary of the English Language

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SHAM, noun That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud or device that deludes and disappoints; delusion; imposture. [Not an elegant word.]

Believe who will the solemn sham, not I. Addison.

SHAM, adjective False; counterfeit; pretended; as a sham fight.

SHAM, verb transitive

1. To deceive expectation; to trick to cheat; to delude with false pretenses.

They find themselves fooled and shammed into conviction. [Not elegant.]


2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.

SHAM, verb intransitive To make mocks.