American Dictionary of the English Language

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UP'PER, adjective [comparative from up.]

1. Higher in place; as the upper lip; the upper side of a thing. An upper story is a higher one; the upper story is the highest. So the upper deck of a ship.

2. Superior in rank or dignity; as the upper house of a legislature.

Upper hand, advantage; superiority.

Upper-works, in a ship, the parts above water when the ship is properly balanced for a voyage; or that part which is above the main wale.