VALVE, noun valv. [Latin valvae, folding doors; coinciding with valvo.]
1. A folding door.
Swift through the valves the visionary fair repass'd.
2. A lid or cover so formed as to open a communication in one direction, and close it in the other. Thus the valve of a common pump opens upwards to admit the water, and closes downwards to prevent its return.
3. In anatomy, a membranous partition within the cavity of a vessel, which opens to allow the passage of a fluid in one direction, and shuts to prevent its regurgitation.
4. In botany, the outer coat, shell or covering of a capsule or other pericarp, or rather one of the pieces which compose it; also, one of the leaflets composing the calyx and corol in grasses.
5. One of the pieces or divisions in bivalve and multivalve shells.