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ABAN'DON, verb transitive [Fr. abandonner; Sp. and Port. abandonar; It. abbandonare; said to be from ban, and donner, to give over to the ban or proscription; or from a or ab and bandum, a flag or ensign.]

1. To forsake entirely; as to abandon a hopeless enterprize.

Wo to that generation by which the testimony of God shall be abandoned.

2. To renounce and forsake; to leave with a view never to return; to desert as lost or desperate; as to abandon a country; to abandon a cause or party.

3. To give up or resign without control, as when a person yields himself, without restraint, to a propensity; as to abandon one's self to intemperance. Abandoned over and abandoned of are obsolete.

4. To resign; to yield, relinquish, or give over entirely.

Verus abandoned the cares of empire to his wiser colleague.

5. In commerce, to relinquish to insurers all claim to a ship or goods insured, as a preliminary towards recovering for a total loss.

ABAN'DON, noun One who totally forsakes or deserts.

2. A relinquishment. [Not used.]