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SAD, adjective [It is probable this word is from the root of set. I have not found the word is from the root of set. I have not found the word in the English sense, in any other language.]

1. Sorrowful; affected with grief; cast down with affliction.

Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad

SAD for their loss, but joyful of our life.

2. Habitually melancholy; gloomy; not gay or cheerful.

See in her cell sad Eloisa spread.

3. Downcast; gloomy; having the external appearance of sorrow; as a sad countenance. Matthew 6:16.

4. Serious; grave; not gay, light or volatile.

Lady Catherine, a sad and religious woman.

5. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow; as a sad accident; a sad misfortune.

6. Dark colored.

Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.

[This sense is, I believe, entirely obsolete.]

7. Bad; vexatious; as a sad husband. [Colloquial.]

8. Heavy; weighty; ponderous.

With that his hand more sad than lump of lead. obsolete

9. Close; firm; cohesive; opposed to light or friable.

Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad obsolete

[The two latter senses indicate that the primary sense is set, fixed.]