American Dictionary of the English Language

Dictionary Search


TIM'BER, noun [Latin domus, a house; Gr. the body.]

1. That sort of wood which is proper for building or for tools, utensils, furniture, carriages, fences, ships and the like. We apply the word to standing trees which are suitable for the uses above mentioned, as a forest contains excellent timber; or to the beams, rafters, scantling, boards, planks, etc. hewed or sawed from such trees. Of all the species of trees useful as timber in our climate, the white oak and the white pine hold the first place in importance.

2. The body or stem of a tree.

3. The materials; in irony.

Such dispositions--are the fittest timber to make politics of.

4. A single piece or squared stick of wood for building, or already framed.

Many of the timbers were decayed.

5. In ships, a timber is a rib or curving piece of wood, branching outward from the keel in a vertical direction. One timber is composed of several pieces united in one frame.

TIM'BER, verb transitive To furnish with timber [See Timbered.]

TIM'BER, verb intransitive To light on a tree. [Not in use.]

1. In falconry, to make a nest.

Timber or timmer of furs, as of martens, ermines, sables and the like, denotes forty skins; of other skins, one hundred and twenty.

Timber of ermine, in heraldry, denote the ranks or rows of ermine in noblemen's coats.