American Dictionary of the English Language

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AUGMENT', verb transitive [Latin augmento, augmentum, from augeo, auxi, to increase; Gr. It seems to be the Eng. to wax, or to eke.]

1. To increase; to enlarge in size or extent; to swell; to make bigger; as, to augment an army, by reinforcement; rain augments a stream.

2. To increase or swell the degree, amount or magnitude; as, impatience augments an evil.

AUGMENT', verb intransitive To increase; to grow larger; as, a stream augments by rain.

AUG'MENT, noun

1. Increase; enlargement by addition; state of increase.

2. In philology, a syllable prefixed to a word; or an increase of the quantity of the initial vowel.